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澳门拉斯维加斯幸运5张【iexczj.buzz】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。凉山壕仁美容美发化妆学校(原黄冈忱魄诶机械设备有限公司)成立于1994年,占地面积88068平方米,盈丰真人网投其中生产厂房占地1659平方米,仓库面积占地0250平方米。固定资产4744万元,流动资产7330万元,干部职工共237人,工程技术人员90人。澳门拉斯维加斯幸运5张LuWeiResearchReportNo160,2000Difficultiesinfund-raisingbysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(“SMEs”):First,someoftheseenterprisesdonothavesufficientmortgages,,,mostofthebusinessesundertakenbytheseenterprisesareofacompetitivecharacter,inwhichbankruptcyratioandbigrisksinfund-raisingarecomparativelyhigh,,thegovernmentsofmanycountrieshaveformulatedcorrespondingpo,includingcreditguaranteewithgovernmentparticipation,mutualguaranteebetweenSMEsthemselves,,thegovernmentsofmanycountriesandregionshavetakentheestablishmentofacreditguaranteesystemforSMEswithgovernmentparticipationasanimportantpolicytosupportSMEs,tes,JapanandTaiwanProvinceofChinaTheUnitedStates,JapanandTaiwanhavea,however,tparticipation(1).Withgovevernmentallocations,orsuppliedbygovernments,financialinstitutions,,thefundsearmarkedforSmallBusinessCreditGuaranteeProgramintheUnitedStatesareprovideddirectlybythefed,thecapitalfundsofthecoffersofcreditinsurancefinancialcoffersofSMEs,localgovernments,,thedonationtionsfromthegovernment,banks,andfinancialinstitutions,withgovernmentdonationsaccountingfor80percentofthetotal.(2).Itisnotanecessitythatallguaranteeinstitutionsfun,thefundsoftheSmallBusinessCreditGuaranteePrograminitiatedbythefederalgovernmentoftheUnitedStatescomeexclusivelyfromappropriationsofthefederalgovernmentbutareexecutedandmanagedbytheSmallBusinessAdministration,,thefundscomefromtheirrespectivegovernments,butareactuallyoperatedbyassociations,fundsandotherspecializedorganizations,underthesupervisionofgovernmentadministrations.(3).Theguarante,intheUnitedStatesandTaiwanProvince,thesystemofone-tierguaranteeinstitutionswithlocalbrancheshasbeenintroduced,whileinJapan,thesystemofmulti-tierguaranteehasbeeninstalled:guaranteefromthecreditinsurancecoffersattcetolocalcreditguaranteeassociations,withthereinsuranceratiostandingat70-80percent.(4).TheformsoalappropriationstoreplenishthecreditguaranteefundsforSMEs,withcompensationsforgua,thefederalgovernmentoftheUnitedStatesmakesbudgetary,however,haveanirregularsourceoffundreplenishment,,therefore,compensationsforguaationAlltheprojectsofcreditguarantees,governmentguaranteeprogramsallcontainclear-cutrequirementonthesizesandcharactersoftheobjectsofguarantee,andalltheg,itisclarifiedthatemphasiswouldbeputonenterprisesthatcannotobtainloansorfundingthroughnormalchannelsoffund-raising,referringmainlytothosesmallenterprisest,allguaranteeprogramshaonofemployment,supporttoSMEsinexportandtechnicalupgrading,replenishmentofseasonalworkingcapital,fdevelopmentandadoptdifferentmanagementsystems,,theguaranteeprogramoftheUnitedStatesisdesignedtoprovideguaranteetosomespecialcommunities,includingenterprisesrunbywomen,thedisabled,demobilizedarmymenorminoritypeople,,istailoredtotheindustrialpoliciesofthegovernmentandbasedmainlyindustrialpolicies,,itemsofguaranteetoundertakingsofcreationbyyoungpeopleanddevelopmentofnamebrandsbyenterpriseshavebeenestablishedunderthecreditguaranteefundsinlinewiththegovernmentprogramforthedevelopmentofSMEs,focusingonsupporttosmallbusinessofanewundertakingcharacter....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,%higherthantheaveragefigureoftheprevious5years().’sentryintoWTO,theimpactof,acomprehensiveands,itisstimulatedbywisepoliciesonagriculture,includingthesignificantraiseofgovernment’spurchasingpricein1994and1996,%,andthepolicyofpurchasingsu,,theexpansionoftheplantedareaforgrain,,,theadvancementofag,however,,affectedbythedomesticdemandandsupplyrelationshipandtheinternationalmarket,,naturaldisastersthataffectgrainoutputbylargeareas,suchasdrought,,theplantedareaofg,theinputoffarmersintogra,apartfromtheadvancementofscienceandtechnologywhichcontinuetopromotetheg,,grainstockofthestateandfarmerswillhavesignificantimpactonthebalancebetweengrainsupp(I)GrainStockoftheStateBytheendofJunethisyear,thegrainstock(grainfortrading)stillstoodatabove250billionkg,,41%iswheat,25%isriceand31%/autonomousregionswheregrainstockexceeds5billionkg,withthetotalamountaccountingfor85%,withthetotalstockaccountingfor58%,includingHenan,Shandong,Hebei,Heilongjiang,JiangsuandAnhui,%,includingHeilongjiang,Jiangxi,Hubei,Hunan,Anhui,Sichuan,Jilin,JiangsuandLiaoning,%,includingJilin,Heilongjiang,Liaoning,InterMongolia,HebeiandShanxi,%,uponcheckingandratificationbythedepartmentsofgrain,financeandqualitysupervision,around45billionkgofthegrainstockarestale,ofwhich,,theycanstillbeusedasfodder.(II)GrainStockoftheFarmersAccordingtoasamplesurveyof67,000ruralfamiliesin31provinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesthroughoutChinabytheRuralSampleSurveyGeneralTeamoftheStateBureauofStatistics,theaveragegrainstockperpersoninruralfamilieswas605kgattheendof1999,,thegeographiheNortheastandinInnerMongoliaandHebei,ofwhich,,wheretheaveragegrainstockistheleastinChina,%ofthegrainstockforsaleareinNortheastandNorthernChina,ofwhich,thegrainstockforsaleinHeilongjiang,JilinandHebeiaccountsfor40%,armerswillbe405kgpercapita,,itisestimatedthatthetotalgrainstockoffarmersthroughoutChinashouldbeabove350billionkg.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    LiShantong,HouYongzhiZhaiFanInordertofacilitatethestudyandresearchonthe10thFive-YearPlan,ourcenter,incollaborationwiththerelevantunits,organizedaninternationalseminaronthegrowthpotentialoftheChineseeconomy,,thefastgrowthofChineseeconomywasstimulatedmainlyb,thepotentialdrivingforceforeconomicgrowthisdecidedbytheimprovement,bothinqualityandquantity,oftheproductivity,,therapidaccumulationofcapitalandtheimprovementinproductivityaccountedforthelion’sshareinthecontributionstothefasteconomicgrowthofChina,thecontributionbytheaggregateoflaborforcewassmall,butthecontributionm,capitalinputcontributedtonearly60%ofChina’seconomicgrowth,thecontributionbytheimprovementinproductivitywas30%,butthecontributionbytheexpansionoftheaggregatelaborforceaccountedformerelyabout12%.,China’sinvestmentratehadalwaysmaintainedatabout35%,andduringabouthalfofthisperiod,investmentratewasclosetoorexceeded40%.Rapidincreaseinresidents’incomeandastrongsavingsinclinationamongthe,theyear-endoutstandingamountofvarioussavingsofthefinancialinstitutionsincreasedfrom160billionyuanto9,,theyear-endsavingsbalanceofresidentsincreasedfrom40billionyuanto5,,itspercentageinthetotalamountincreasedfrom25%to56%.Thesecondreason,theaccumulatedamountofforeigncapitalutilizedtotaledUS$0yearswasfirstcreditedtotheoptimizationofresourcesallocationadvocatedbythereformandopeninguppolicy,andsecondlycreditedtothecontributionsmadebyenterprises’micro-efficiencyimprovement,technologyadvance,andpr,thefollowingfactorscontributedtotheimprovementofproductivity:First,technologyadvanceincreasedthetechnologicalcontentofcapitalandincreasedtheoutputlevelofthesameamountofcapital;Second,theimprovementinthenationaleducationlevelincreasedthetechnologicalcontentoflaborandtheoutputlevelofthesamelaborforce;Third,reformpromotedthereasonableflowofresources,particularlylaborresources,amongdepartmentsandregions,improvedtheallocationefficiencyofresourcesandstrengthenedenterprises’%from1978to1997,thecontributionbythetransferofrurallaborerswasonepercentagepoint;Fourth,theinflowofforeigncapitalmadeupthedeficiencyofdomesticcapitalsupply,mewiththeinflowofforeigncapital,whichpromotedtheformationofacompetitivemechanismandimprovedthecompetitiven,,thegrowthrateofChineseeconomysloweddownyearbyyear,%%,basedonthisdecline,considerthatChineseeconomyhasdri,Chineseeconomywillcontinuetomaintainitsfastgrowth,urplusofproducts,thelong-te,researchindicatesthatinthemediumandlongterm,thefastgrowthoftheC(1)Itisestimatedthattheinvestmentrateinthecoming10yearsmaycontinuetomaintainatthepresentlevel–35-40%.Thecontinuingincreaseinresidents’incomewillleadtorapidincreaseinresidents’,thestrongsaveatattractiontoforeigninvestors,thestandardizationandtransparencyofforeigncapitalpoliciesaftertheentryintotheWorldTradeOrganizationwil,theinflowofforeigncapitalwillcontinuetomaintainthemomentumofrapidincrease.(2)Alongwiththedevelopmentineducationandurbanization,,majorcontradictioninthefieldofsupplyanddemandoflaboristhefastincreaseofthelaborforceagainsttheaggravatedemploymentpressurecausedbytheadjustmentsofeconomicstructure.(3)Theimplementationofthe“invigoratingthenationthroughscienceandeducation”strategywill,atthetimeofimprovingthequalityofthelaborers,increasethestate’,atthetimeofintroducingforeigncapitalintothecountry,,tedtomaintainorsurpasstheperformanceinthepast20years.(4)China’sindustrializationhasnotcompletedyet,the“dualstructure”oftheeconomystillexistswidely,thereasonabletransferofresources,particularlylaborresources,amongdepartmentssuchasthetransferoflaborforcefromagriculturetothenon-agriculturalsectors,willleadtothefurtherimprovementinproductivityandthegrowthinthegrossnationaloutput.(5)Alongtheimprovementinthemarketeconomicstructureandtheexpansionanddeepeningoftheopening-uppolicy,competitionamongenterpriseswillintensify,andthiswillultimatelyleadtotheimprovementintheefficiencyoftheoveralleconomicactivities....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhaoYangResearchReportNo58,2001Inthelatterhalfofthe1990s,’netincomehas,from9%in1996,%lastyearafterfouryears’,thefarmers’,thefarmers’burdenisstillserious,especiallyinthecentralandwesternregions."Increasingincomeandreducingburden"hasbecomeahard’,thecentralgovernmenthaspaidmuchattentiontoreducingfarmers’,,severeconftforsuchalongtimeWereviewedtheresearchofdomesticandforeignscholarsandsummarizedtheirviewsintothefollowingthreeaspects:Oneoftheirviewsisthattheincreasinglyheavyburdenisaresultoflocalcadres’,thevillagesinthecentralandwesternregionsdonothaveothersourcesforinc’s"thetheoryofincomesources",,ontheonehand,,thegrass-rootsorgani,itisnouseblaminglocalcadres,becauseinthesecases,theincreaseoffarmers’alsatthecounty,,givingrisetotheso-called"payrollbudget.",themostimpo’burden,,muchofthefarmers’burdeni’’burdenisabout140billionyuanayear,,8billionyuanofcashpaymentinplaceoflaborcontributionandabout20billionyuanof"indiscriminatecharges,finesandlevies".Theviewfromthetheoryof"incomesources",’income,especiallythedevelopmentofcollectiveeconomy,,thetownshipenterprises,evenintheeasternregion,,therefore,itisobviouslyimpracticaltoreducethefarmers’"overstaffadministration",ifwecarefullyanalyzetheburdenstructure,wewillfindthatmuchofthetownshipfinancehasbeenusedinbuildingroads,constructionoffarmlandandschoolbuildings,,somepeoplesimplybeliev,thisitemofexpensesarehardtobecutthrough"trimmingadministrativestaff"iftheproblemwithcurrenteducationsystemandirrationalallocationeducationresourcesisnotsolved....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米osnowfallsthisspring,gro%ofthetotalsownarea,onshowsthattheacreagesowntocerealcropslastautumnandwinteramountedonlyto387millionmu,afurther7%declineofnearly30millionmu,,theacreagesowntowinterwheatwas322millionmu,decreasedby34millionmu,%,jorwheat-growingprovincesofHebei,ShandongandHenan,,Chinasgrainproductionscoredfourconsecutivenewheights,soaringfrom350milliontonsto400milliontons,,itlargelyresultedfromtheinitiativeonthepartofgovernmentsatdifferentlevelstore,duetobumperharvestsoverthepastseveralyearsinarow,,however,couldpossiblynotmeetthedemandtothefull,becauseit,givennooccurrenceofabnormalitiesformajorplayersinthedomesticandinternationalmarkets,,10millionadditionaljobopportunities,townshipandvillageenterprisesareplannedtoincreasetwomillionemployeeseveryyear,withthetotalnu,thetotaloutputvalueofthet,toreachthegoalsmentionedabove,financingproblemsthatplaguefarmersengagedinnon-farmingactivitiesandruralent,weshouldgraduallyreformruralfinancialsystemtoturnlocalcreditcooperativesintofinanndcommercialenterprisesinthecounties,whilestrengtheningthebanks’,theaverageannualproductionofgrain,cotton,oil-bearingcropsandsugarcropsofthecountryreached505milliontons,,adreachedorsurpassedtheworldaverage...Judgingfromthecurrentsituation,atemporarymajorreversalseemsunlikel,,weshouldtryourbesttopreventState-ownedgrainenterprisesfromseekingtomaximizetheirowninterestsmerelyasplayers,whenimbalancesoccurinsupplyanddemandinthegrainmarkets,nlikelyatthemoment,theprojectedgoalcanhardlybeattainedforraisingtheincomeoffarmers,unlesstimelyandsufficientfinancialservicesareofferedtotheexpansionoftownshipandv(byraisingappropriatelytheratesofagriculturaltaxesandabolishingalladministrativefeesimposedonfarmersatthesametime)eformtopushforwardrestructuringofcountyandvillagegovernmentsandtoexplorarryingonstructuralreformofruraladministration,howtoinvigoratethecountyandvillageeconomy,especiallytopromotethedevelopmentoftownshipandvillageenterprisesandthegrowthofnon-farmingoperationsofruralhouseholds,willbeamajorissueinhandlingtherelationshipamongruralreform,developmentandstabilityatthemomentandaperiodoftimeinthefuture..nth,thesluggishconsumptionofthelow-incomefamiliesandtheslowgrowthofsocialinve,someemergingundesirablesymptomsinthecourseofeco,fromthesecondquarterofthisyearon,theTenthFive-YearPlanwouldbeimplementedandt,fromthesametimeon,theraisedsalariesofgovernmentpublic,,incontrastwithglobaleconomicslowdownandfinancialturbulence,China,thetrendofsteadyprogressinproductionandeconomicreturnsformostindust,withtheirpullingeffectsfortheentire,,%invalueoverthesameperiodlastyear,%,,themetallurgicalindustryandtheindust,theelectronicsindustryandmanufacturingofcommunicationequipmentwouldslowdown,eforautomobilebuyers,themomentumofrapidgrowthwouldcontinueforsteels,ibutio,aturnforthebetterwouldbeseenbytheendoftheyear,’sWTOentrymounting,rivalrya,,insufficientpenetrationoftheruralmarket,strongmarketcompetitionandloweringprofitabilitywouldcontinuetodampenthegrowthofpostandtelecommunicationsservices.。

    新濠MG篮球巨星GeYanfengTherapideconomicdevelopmentsincereformandopening-,however,thecontradictionofincomedistributionhasbecomemoreandmoreapparentwitheachpassingdayandbeguntoproducenegativeimpactuponthest,andespeciallyduringthe10thFive-YearPlanperiod,,,,itwouldindicateextremeinequalityandforete,thegapofincomeswasnotverybigeitherbetweenurbanresidentsorbetweenruralresidents,,theGinicoefficie,nthetendencytooverestimatetheincomesofgroups,forinstance,,ontheotherhand,thenon-currencybenefitincomesofthosegroupswithhighincomesstillaccountforaverybigproportionogofthegapofincomes,ommissionsincludingtheNationalBureauoealedthattheproportionofthebankingdepositsoftheruralhouseholdsaccountingfor20percentofthetotalnumberoftheruralhousehold,itisnotraretoseeindividualhousehold,,therearestilltensofmillionsofpeoplewhohavenotyetsolvedtheirproblemoffoodandclothing;andintheurbanareas,thenumberofhouseholdswhoseaverageper-capitamonthlyincomeandexpenditureislessthan100yuanaccountedforsuchabigproportionas6percentofthetotalnumberoftheurbanhouseholdssampledinadoo,however,thatthewideningofthegapofincomeshasbeg,ecitieshaverevealed,forinstance,thatofthe20percenthouseholdswithlowincomes,morethan70percentinallthecitiescoveredinthesurveysawadecreaseintheiractualincomesin1999ascomparedwith1998,,thewideningofthegapofincomesintermsofpolarizationoftherichandthepoorandthatingofthegapofincomeshasnotonlymanifesteditselfinthepolarizationoftherichandthepoorintermsofindividualsocialmembers,,betweendifferentregions,andbetweendifferentindustriesandsectors,ofwhich,thebiggestproblemliesinentheurbanandtheruralareasandthatbetweendifferentregionsinourcountryhavenowoutgro,polarizationbetweenthestratumwithhighincomesandthatwithlowincomes,andtheformationofapoorstratuminparticular,,itisthefarmersinpoverty-strickenareasthathaveformedthepoorstratum;andintheurbanareas,thepoorstratumismainlycomposedofthestaffandworkerswhoarebeingemployed,(laidoff)orretiredfromstateorcollectively-ownedenterpriseswithpooreconomicbenefits,apartfromthevulnerablegroupofthesocietyincludingwidowers,widows,orphans,thechildless,thesick,andthedisabled.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo190,isesSincethemid1990s,alongwiththedevelopmentofthemarketeconomyinChinaandchangesintheinternalandexternaleconomicandtradeenvironments,theslowtransformationoftheoperat,,duetotheexuberantvitalityandmarketcompetitiveness,theprivateeconomyhasovertakenthestate-ownedeconomytobecomethemostactive,thef,theproblemoffinancingdifficultythathaslonghauntedprivateenterprisesbeginstoattracttheatt,financingdifficultyoftheprivateenterprisesremainstobeapracticalproblem,,thereislessdifficultyinobt,thankstotheeffortoflocalgovernments,,thecurrentfinancialsystemhasonlygrantedshort-termloanstoprivateenterprises,whilethemid-,insteadofshort-termlending,alargenumberofhigh-techenterprisesinthestart-upstagearemostinneedofthemid-andlong-termloansandequityinvestment,,theproblemoffinancingdifficultyoflargeenterpriseshasbe,,suchasHaire,withovertenbillionyuanofannualsa,therefore,s’,,withtheirproductioncapacity,assetsandreputation,,,sufferfrompoorcredibilityornocredibility,havefewassetsformortgage,with,,thesee,thelargeandmedium-sizedcitiesenjoysufficientcapitalsup,lendingcapitalconcentratesincreasinginthecities,,88countiesinShandongProvinceexperiencedzeroornegativegrowthinloansin2000,whilenoneofthecountiesinH,thedifferenceamongtheownershipsystemisdiminishing,,the“privateownershipfearphobia”,theideologicalproblemsofthelawenforcementandauditingdepartmentsleadthemtoneglectthebadloanaccountsofthestate-ownedenterprises,buttoinvestigatefor,thelendingstaffofbanksusuallytrytoavoidmakingloanstoprivateenterprises,inspecificlendingappraisal,theytendtoreporthigherrisksass,despitearelativelysufficientsocialcapitalatpresent,neithertheformalindirectfinancingsystemnortheca,many,manyprivatehigh-techenterpriseswithhig,theywillnotonlyinfluencethedevelopmentoftheprivateeconomy,butalsofurtherintensifyfinancingactionsoutsidetheformarrentIndirectFinancingSystemOntheonehand,thecommercialbanksholdabundantcapitalbutgenerallyfeelitis“difficulttolend”.Ontheotherhand,manysmallandmedium-sizedprivateenterprisessufferbitterlyfrom“difficulttoborrow”.Indeed,reform,inordertobreakthehighmonopolyofthestatebanksandpromotemarketcompetition,Chinahasgraduallysetupover,theorganisationaenterprises,thenumberandcapitalstrengthofthesmallandmedium-siz,%%,respectively,akenintoaccount,%%,,,lendingdepartments(committees),therehavebeenfewachievementsinpractice,blygeneraterelativelylargeoverheadexpenses,wnedbanks,minimisingcapita,thelendingrightsofthebranchagenciesofthestate-ownedlargecommercialbanksweretakenback,manynon-bankingfinancialinstitutionsweredissolvedorannexed,,abusinessblankemergedandthefinancingdiffifinancialinstitutionsThefourlargeststate-ownedcommsolvedsincereform,leadingtoseriousdistortionsinthelegalpersongovernances,tocertaindegree,thegovernmentstillregardsth,beartheresponsibilityfortheirownrisksandset,itisverydifficultforthefourlargeststate-owedbankstooperateaccordingtobusinessrules,,withthestrengtheningofloanriskconstraintsandthelackingofthematchingintereststimulatingmechanism,thelendingstaffusuallytrytoavoidrisksinpracticebystressingonthe“absenceofgoodproject”,whichonlyintensifiesthefinancingdifficultyofthesmallandmedium-sizedprivateenterprises....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ChenXiwenResearchReportNo170,2001AnimportantjudgementofthestageofdevelopmentofChina’sagriculturewasmadebytheCommunistPartyofChinaatthe3rdPlenarySessionofits15thCongressinOctober1998:Thesituationoflastingshortageofmajorfarmproductsincludinggrainhaschangedintoasituationof“roughbalanceinaggregatetermsandsurplusinyearsofbumperharvests”.ThisindicatedthatthecontradictionofshortsupplyoffarmproductsinChinahasbeenbasicallysolvedandthatamajorturnwillbeenseeninChina’sagriculturethatdroveint,China’’incomestheessenceoftheIssueaboutChina’rmproductsincluding“surplusinyearsofbumperharvests”ingrainproduction,however,worrisomecontradictionsandproblemsbegantocropupingrowingnumbersinChina’sruralareas,thefieldthathasbeenhailedashavingwonChina’’seconomiclifeinrecentyears,thetopicmostoftendiscussedwouldbeth’sattentiononChina’sagricultureandruraldevelopmenthasfficultiesChinanowfacesinincreasingtheincomesoff,thegrowthoftheincomesofChinesefarmersdeceleratedyearbyyear:In1996,t,,,andin1999and2000,,theaver,,theincomegapbetweenChina’surbanandruralresidents(theaverageper-capitadispensableincomeofitsurbanresidentsandtheaverageper-capitanetincomeofitsruralresidents)::’sdifferentruralregionsinsocialandeconomicdevelopment,anyaveragefigureswouldcoverupnumerouscontradictionsandproblems(intheyear2000,forinstance,theaverageper-capitaincomeoffarmersinShanghaiwasRMB5,,morethanfourtimestheRMB1,).Asthesituationstands,e,asamatteroffact,intheyear-on-yeardecreaseintheearningofthecountry’itanetincomeofChinesefarmersinthelastfouryears:澳门拉斯维加斯幸运5张重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ChengXiusheng,LuHuapu,,roadcapacityinChinesecitieshadbeenlow,theper-capitaroadar,roadconstructionbegantospeedup,,maintaininganannualgrowthofabout10%.Althoughthegrowthspeedwasfast,itstilllaggedfarbehindthe20%,vehiclesinChinesecitiesgrewatanannualrateofmorethan15%,andtheannualgrowthrateofprivateautomobileswasashighas28%.fhighefficiency,energysavingandlowemissionaretobedeveloped,,improvethecitystructureandregion,thefastgrowthofautomobileswouldgiverisetosuchproblemsasenvironmentalpollution,slowerdrivingspeed,increaseinthenumberoftrafficaccidents,thelowerlevelofpublictransportservice(lowerdrivingspeedandlowpunctuality),anddi,thepublicbustransport(includingtrolleybus)inbigcitieshasbeenshrinkingintermsofoperationefficiency,operationmanagement,,,,/1,,however,droppedfrom12-14kilometers/hourto5-10kilometers/hour,thenewlyin,ofallmeansoftransportforurbanresidents,theuseofpublicbusdroppedfrom30%toabout10%rivatecars,this,inreturn,resultedawiderareaoftrafficcongestioninciti’urbanizationandthewideruseofvehicles,urbantransportsystemwilloccupymoreland,consumelargeamountofe,China’scurrentresources(includinglandresources)reserveandenergystructure,environmentalcapacityandtheenvironmentalbearingcapaci,DirectoroftheTransportation,WaterSupplyandUrbanDevelopmentBureauoftheWorldBank,stressedthreemutuallysupplementaryprincipleswhenassessingthesustainabledevelopmentofurbantransport:sustainabilityofeconomyandfinance,,citiesindevelopedcountriesachievethesustainabledevelopmentofurbantransportfromthefollowingtwoaspects:comprehensiveplanningoftransportati’snationalconditionsthatChinesecitiesmustmakegreateffortstodeveloppublictranspordevelopmentofacitycouldbeachievedandwhetherwideruseofautomobilesa,landisinshortsupply,populationdensityishigh,therefore,ntprincipleofgivingprioritytopublictransportforurbanpassengertransportation,andthispolicywasclearlystipulatedinseveralStateCouncildocuments,itiesandintheprocessofurbantransportplanning,con,includingpriorityincapital,planningandconstruction,orintermsofthelong-termdevelopmentstrategyoftheurbantransportation,priorityisgiventoconstructingthefasttracktransportsystem,ictransportsystemintermsoftimeandspace,toincreaseitsspeed,shortentimespentonroadandimprovethetranspor,,inHongKong,carsarenotallowedtomakerightturnsduringrushhoursandonlypublicbuseshavetheprivilegeofmakingrightturns(inHongKong,peopledriveonbenefit).Intermsofspacepriority,specialla,Japan,specialpublicbuslanesaresetalongtheroa,thecityisplanningtoconstructelevatedpublictransportroadsinthecityareasothatthespeedofgroundpublicbusescouldbeincreasedto20km/hfrom10km/emisbasedonthepublictransportsysteminCuritiba,,ithasthefeaturesoflarge-capacitytracktransportsystem,specialroadrights,,italsohastheflexiblecharacteristicsoftheconventionalpublictranspsystem,itisanewandhighlyefficientmodeofpublictransportsolutionwithlowcost,shortconstructionperiod,"groundsubway"nBrazilCuritiba,locatedinsouthernBrazil,(300carsper1,000residents).Thetransportforsu,,thecityhopedtodevelopamodern,,,thelandreservedfovelopedatplacesnearthepublictransportsystem,,designersandplannerspaidspecialattentiontothepublicbusstops(crystaltube-shapedplasticbusstops),whichwereconstructedatthesameheightofthebottomofpublicbus(800mmtotheground).,passengerscouldbuyticketsfirstattheplatforms,andthencou,inordertoreducethestoptime,theleaningpassagefrompublicbuscouldbeextendedtotheplatformwhenthebusstops,sothatp,CuritibafinallydevelopeditsuniqueMetrobussystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,ItcanbeseenfromCh,,theannualgrowthratejumpedover14percent,,theCentralGovernmenttookstrictmeasuresofmacro-regulationincludingadoptionofadministrativemeasuressu,theslowdownofgrowthduringthisperiodoftimewasanormalresponsetothemeasu,however,,theCentralGovernmenthasshiftedtoanexpansivefinancialandmonet,,andlargeamountsofproductioncapacitiesremainidle,,surplusofproductioncapacitieswhenithasjustreachedafairlyprimarystageofdevelopmentToanswerthisquestion,itisnecessaandfornon-governmentalinvestment--twomajorfactorsrestrictinggrowthofdomesticdemandDemandcanbedivided,firstofall,,theAsianfinancialcrisisin1997anditsseriousinfluenceuponChina’sexportshaveconsti,forinstance,China’,domesticdemandwillalwaysplayadecisiveroleintheeconomicgrowth,fromalongpointofview,theinfluenceofexportgrowthontheeconomicgrowthasawholewillbecomparativelysmaller(asshowninChart2).Domesticdemand,theretailofconsumergoodsinChina’,,,theslowdowninconsumptiondemandgrowthhasitsrootmainlyintheruralareas,:Theabsolutefigurefordomesticdemandisthesumofdomesticinvestmentanddomesticdemandcalculatedincurrentprice,withreadjustmentmadeaccordingtotheaverageindexofnationalincomeduringthecalculation.GuoLihongandZhangChenghuiOn22October2001,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionhastilysuspendedtheInterimManagementMeasuresontheReductionofStateSharestoRaiseS,whichfullyreflectedtheenthusiasmofallwalksoflifeinsocietyonthedevelopmentofChina’,theStateCouncildecidedtostopthepracticeof"share-reductionthroughmarket"forstateshares,,wethinkitisanabsolutelycor,itcorrectedthemistakeinatimelymanner,soth,iteliminatedtheimpactofstatesharereductionandfocusedthenextsteponthebottleneckandsolutiontoChina’sstockmarket–,completecirculationinthestockmarketmeanstoturnthenon-tradablesharesofthelistedcompanies(includingstateshares,legalpersonsharesandinternalemployeeshares)determinedattheirinitiallistingstageintotradableshares,,,,continuouseffo,:First,inthesegregatedmarket,itisimpossibes,therearetwosetsofinterestsassessmentsystemsanddif,themarketpricesforsharesarenotvalueindicatorsofallshareholders,,sellingstatesharesatmarketpricesisnothingelsebutplunderingtheholdersofthetradableshares(seeZhangWeixingandZhangChenghui,"MarketSegregationistheRootofAllProblemsofChinaStockMarket",ResearchReportofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,,2002).Therefore,,itisalsodifficulttobescientificandfairtoreducestatesharesbasedonotherpricemeasurements(suchasnetassets).For,suchpracticewilleasilyacceleratespeculativemanipulations,andharmboththecommoninvestorsandtheinterestsofthestateshareholder(Forexample,therepresentativesofthestateshareholderscangangupwithspeculatorstoholddownthevalueofnetassetswithillegalmeans,market,whichhavelongbeenpracticedskillfullybyspeculators).Second,statesharereductionis,whichischaracterizedbypartialandlocalreformfirstandcross-the-boardreformlater,maybesuccessfulinotherfields,,thestockmarketishighlyliquidandsensitive,whereatinyproblemofthe"experiment"willgene,withaproportionof2/3,thelargeamountofnon-tradablesharesisliketheswordofDamocleshangingabovetheheadsofinvestors,,asstatesharereductioncannotbecompletedinoneeffort,itwillgiv,,thenon-tradablestateshareswillnotbesoldoutcompletely;orelsethewithdrawingstrategicadjustmentofthestateeconomyandthe"strengtheningcombinedwithwithdrawing",torealizecompletecirculation"statesharereductionthroughmarket"aretwodifferentconcepts,whichshouldnotbemixedtogether,’sstockmarketliesinmarketsegregation,andonlybysolvingtheproblemofcompletecirculationcanotherproblemsofChina’’,relevantdepartmentformulatedprinciplestipulationsontheequivalentsharevalueofstateassetsinthelistedcompanies,thetransferconditionsandthepremiumratesofissuedshares,inordertoguaranteestate,theseambiguousstipulationscreatedsuchcustomaryrulesaslistedbelow.(1)Thesharestructureofthejointstockcompaniesisdefinedtoconsistoffourkindsofshares,namely,thestateshares,legalpersonshares,publicsharesandforeignshares;andtheproportionofthefirsttwokindsofsharesgenerallytakeup2/3ofthetotal.(2)Statesharescannotbetradedfreelyinsecurityexchangeslikepublicshares,andlegalpersonsharescanonlybetransferredamonglegalpersons.(3)Sharepr,whilethepremiumofpubliclytradab,ithastintedChina’sstockmarke(notthemarketforce)astheprincipalforcedominatingthemarket,,itistheadministrativedepartments(insteadofsponsorsoflistedcompanies)whodecideontheequitystructuresofChina’’rightstomaketheirowndecisionsoninvestment,,differentinvestorsenjoydifferentrightsandsharedifferentobligations,thuslayingdowntheunequalbasisattheinitialestablishmentstageofjointstockcompanies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.WuJinglianDuringthereformofenterprisesoverthepast20yearsandmore,manyofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshavebeentransformedinfluenceofthethinkingof"devolutionofpowerandconcessionofprofitstoenterprises",forinstance,in“TheEconomicReforminContemporaryChina”,abookpublishedatthebeginningofthisyear,thatthe"systemoflegalentitiesatmultiplelevels"isasystemofenterpriseorganizationthathasneverbeenseeninthedevelopedcountriespracticingamarketeconomyandthatithasbeesrightsandtheuseofcoercionagainsteachotherbytheindependenteconomicentitiesinsideacompany,endlessbickeringandfriction,,thesystemwhichwasoriginallydesignedtoarousetheenthusiasmofsubordinateentitieshasended,power,telecommunications,,bytakingthePetroleumCorporation(CNPC)asanexample,wewilldiscusswaysandmethodsforturningexistingcompaniesfollowingthesystemoflegalentitiesatmultiplelevelsintocompanieswithaninstitutionalsystemtob(CNPC)AmajorchallengefacedbytheChinaNationalPetroleumCorporationafteritscreationin1998throughrestructuringofthepetroleumandthepetrochemicalsectorsbytheStateCouncilwashowtoachievethe“integrationoftheupper-streamwiththedown-streamsectors,thedomestictradewithforeigntradeaswellasproductionwithmarketing”forthepurposeofsharpeningthegroupporation,theaverageproductioncostsoftheoilandgasproductionenterprisesofthePetroleumCorporationare30percentabovethoseoftheiroverseascounterparts,andthecostsn,itspetroleumandpeuicklyandeffectivelywillbeakeyfactordetermi/Mobil,thebiggestPetroleumCorporationintheworld,hasatotalnumberof120,,however,,surpassingthetotalnumberoftheemployeesoftheworldtheetroleumcorporationswhereast,thePetroleumCorporationwillhavetopinitshopeofdevelopmentuponexpansion,thefettersofthesystemoflegalentitiesatmultiplelevelsshouldbebroken,andthefoundationthathasproppedupthephenomenaof“all-embracingoperations”inbothbigandsmallpetroleumenterprises,duplicateconstruction,wasteofresources,ncedbythethinkingof“devolutionofpowerandconcessionofprofitstoenterprises”inthereformofenterprises,thelargestate-ownedenterprisesofChinahavedevelopedthesystemoflegalentitiesatmultiplelevels,underwhichcompaniesatalllevels,amanagerasalegalpersonoftheparentcompanycouldmakeinvestmentandestablishasub-companyonhisownacco,therehasdevelopedinthestate-ownedeconomicsectoraphenomenonof"anendlesslineofoffspring’s."Thispracticehascausedthefollowingproblems:,000or3,000,theseparentcompanies,scrambleamongindependenteconomicentitiesforresources,infdertheircontrolandcreatekingdomsoftheirown,eldofbusiness,whileeachentitywithaprofitwouldbecomec,forinstance,someareaswouldratherusesmallgeneratingunitsoftheirownwithhighcostsandheavyconsumprtakeadvantageoftheirpositionandpowertoappropriatepublicpropertiesbyextendingloans,providingguarantees,orexploitingothermeanstonation,somesubordinateswouldbenowheretobefound,carryingwiththemthepropertiesoftheparentcompanies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以GeYanfengResearchReportNo83,2001Theissueofincomedistribution,however,istheobviousdisagreementintheanalysisandjudgmentarenteffectsengendered;itisthereforen,theoutstandingprobleminincomedistributionhadbeenegalitarianismcausedbythesystemofcen,therewasnotonlytheproblemofegalitarianismleftoverfromthesystemofcentrallyplannedincomedistribution,butalsothatofwideningincomegaparisingfromtheeconomicsystemreformandthemajorchangeinincomedistribution,,whatistheoutstandingproblem–egalitarianismandwideningincomegap,coexistatpresentandtheyareratheracute;,differencebetweentwojudgmentsactuallyconcentratesontheproblemofegalitarianism,thatis,,theproblemofegalitarianism,particularlytheminorincomegapinandamongthestate-owneddepartments,ismostoutstanding,,judgingfromthegeneralsituation,theboomingnon-statesectors,bothinthecountrysideandcities,decidetheirincomedistributionmechanismbymarketcompetition,andwiththeincomegapwidened,,asthereformadvances,state-ownedenterpriseshaveessentiallyestablishedtheirroleaskeymarketplayers,aduallywidening,andinsomeenterprises,,onecanhardlyjumptotheconclusionthategali,thedistributionsystemcharacterizedbyegalitarianismthatwecouldseeisthebasicwagedistributionmainlyingovernmentdepartments,,however,isthatthebasicwagesconstituteasmallportionofincome,andtherearestillotherformsofdistributionasnon-wagecashdistr,itisalsodifficulitarianisminincomedistribution,sometendtoadvocatethegovernment’sspeedingupwagereformsinthestate-ownedsectors,orinsimplewords,furtherwideningthewagedistributiongapwithanaimtosolvethetate-ownedsectorsisconsideredaproblem,suchanproposalasdi,,inprinciple,relyonincreasingthetotalpayroll,furtheriillintheloss-makingstatusmanylocalgovernmentshavefinancialdifficulties,itishardtopredictifthereissufficientcapabilitytomakesuchadjustmentorwhatconse,itishighlypos,non-wagecashincomeandnon-cashincomeinvariousformsmakealargeandunevenproportioninthetotalincomedistribution,,thedifference,bigorsmall,,itishig,theincomedistributioninthestate-ownedandstateholdingenterprisesinthecompetitivefieldsshallbegraduallyliberalizedonthebasisofdiversifiedstockrightsandimprovementintheinternalcorporategovernance,utionofenterprises,itwouldbedetrimentaltotherelationshipbetweenthegovernmentandenterprises,neitherwillitbeconstructivet,itishighlyposs,institutionsandindustrieswithnaturalmonopolyshouldbecontrolledbythegovernment,butsuchcontrolandtheextentofcontrolmustbedecidedwithreferencetosuchfactorsassocialaveragewagesonthebasisofintroducinginte,simplyimposingwagecontrolisextremelyundesirableforvariousreformmeasures,,,itisobviousthatpublicattentionconcentratesontheproblemofthewideningincomegap,,itisabsolutelyunwisetoregardas,itshouldbeconductedonthebasisofathoroughreformofpersonnelsystemanddistributionmethods(suchasfullmonetizationofincomeandanadequatetruthfulnessofwages).anceofthesocietySincetheadoptionofreformandopeninguppolicy,thewideningincomegapamongresidentsand,ther,leranceofsociety,toapproachtheextremelimitofunacceptabilitybythesociety,,theestimatedGinicoefficient(withurbanandruralcombined)’incomeandurbanincomeandseriousstatisticalerrorsinhighincomesandillegalincomes,,socialc,awideincomegapinevitablymeanspovertyforsomepeople,orevenalargeproportionofthesocialmembers,,weshouldbeonthefullalertforthecurrentobjectiveincomegap,letaloneotherfactors....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、澳门拉斯维加斯幸运5张用户至上竞博官网网页版SincethecurrentroundofglobaldecelerationofeconomicgrowthhasresultedfrommarketsurplusofITproducts,’scase,however,exportsoftraditionalproductsslackened,withthegrowthrateoftextilerawmaterialsandtextileproducts,shoes,headwear,%%,andthatofsomete,thetradeofelectro-machineryandhi-techproductswasextremelybrisk,%%eformofprocessingtrade,theirgrowingindicatesthatthegrowthoftheaggregatevolumeofChina’stradeandtheimprovementofstructureisipalitiesintheWesternRegionandBigFallofExportsintheSouthernandtheNortheasternReg,forinstance,%;Jiangsu,%;andShanghai,14%.%growth;Qinghai,%;andGansu,%.Whathasbeeneye-catching,however,isthatgrowthofexportsinth,-%.GuangdongProvince,whichcontributesonethirdtoChina’sexports,%,acityinGuangdongProvince,%torinthesubstantialdecelerationofthegrowthspeedofChina’,andInitialSuccessinTappingNewMarketsItisapparentthatChina’sex,China’sexportstoJapan,EuropeandtheUnitedStates,threeofitsmajorexportmarkets,%,9%%,China’,theChineseGovernmentandtheChineseenterpriseshavemadevigorouseffortstoop’sexportstoAfricaandLatinAmerica,forinstance,stoodat21%%’%%onservicesontheChinesemainland,Hong’sSituationinForeignTradeThecharacteristicsofChina’sforeigntradeintheyear2001,asdescribedabove,haveresultedfromthejointactionofmanyfactors,includingthefollowingbasicfactors:Firstofall,,,’,andbecomeamajorfactortoblamefortheslowdownofChina’’sexportsareexecutedintheformofprocessingtrade,slowdownofexportshasresultedinaslowergrowthofimportsintheformofprocessingtrade....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,someimportantdevelopmentshavetakenplaceinstructurala,theautomobileandthehousingindustrieswcommercialhousingremainedover20%.FromJanuarytoJulyin2001,,%,theproportionofsalesofcommercialhousingtoprivateownerstookup85%,whilethegrowthofdemandforprivatehousingbec,thegrowthintheincomesoftheautomobileindustryroseevenhigherto25%,whichwasonlynexttotha,theautomobilepartsmanufacturingsectorachievedanevenfasterincreaseandmaintainedagrowthrateofover40%,th,%;%%respectively,,thecomparativeadvantageofcerta,internationalmulti-nationalcorporati,thePhilipsElectronicGroupmoveditsentiremobilephonemanufacturingcapacitytothejointventureinShenzhen,sShanghaibaseto14millionnextyear,sChinamanu,angeexpressedtheintentiontomovethemanufacturingbaseselsewhere,while70%,thegrowthrateofthe,thesalesincomeofthecoalindustryhasgrownby15%,cceleratedgrowthofthehighenergy-consumingheavyindustryandrawmaterialsindustry,aswellasthefluctuatinginternationaloilprices,,suchastheconstructionindustry,themachineryindustry,thelightindustryandtheautomobileindustry,aswellastheincreaseininternationaldemandforsteel,,,,som,Zhejiang,Anhui,Shanghai,Hebei,Sichuan,rovinceandextendedthereformexperiencefromsmalltownshipstolargecities,eholdsandnon-agriculturalhouseholdsandadoptaprincipleofac,adoptedaregistrationsystembasedonresidentialareasand,themostimportantaretheemergingleadingroleofthehousingandtheautomobileindustries,thetransferoftheinternationa,China’sexportgrowthdecreasedasaresultoftheslow-downofinternationaleconomicgrowth,’,,therefore,,expansionofdomesticdemandshouldbecon,,China’seconomystillremainsinthedual-structuralstagewithsignificantdif,expandtheoveralleconomicscaleandpromotethetransferoffarmerstonon-agriculturalsectorstoraisetheirincomes,andthencreatemarketsforalargenum,theslowgrowthoffarmers’non-agriculturalsectorsandcities,whichiscausedbytheconstr,thepriorityinupgradingtheconsumption,theleadingrolesofthehousingandautomobileindustrieshavejustemergedthereon....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.XiaoJunyanResearchReportNo126,2002Steadyperformancehasbeenthemainfeatureoft,grain-growingareabecamemorestable,cotton-growingareadroppeddrastically,,;peasantincomeslightlyincreased;,,thestateintroducedaseriesofreformandpolicymeasures,whichwouldhelpimprovetheenvironmentforthedevelopmentoftheruraleconomyandespeciallyforthealleviationofthepeasants’(1),ivationwasthatafterthespringwheatinthenorthandthelong-grainednon-glutinousearlyriceinthesouthquitfromthestate’sprotectiveprices,,,theprolongedcoldrainsinthemiddleanddownstreamsoftheYangtzeRiver,llowRiver-HuaiheRiverregion,theYangt,thecontinuousrainsintheabsthanthatoflastyear,,(2)PeasantincomeThepercapitacashincomeofthepeasantsinthefirsthalfoftheyearwas1,123yuan,,,:’,thepercapitacashincomeofthepeasantsfromthesellingoffarmproductswas469yuan,’,thepercapitacashincomeofthepeasantsfromthenon-farmindustrieswas566yuan,’,China’sexperimentonreformingruraltaxandfeecollectionexpande’,thepercapitaspendingontaxesandfeesnationwidewas18yuan,(3)TownshipenterprisesThemainfeaturesoftheeconomicperformanceofthetownshipenterprisesinthefirsthalfoftheyearwereasfollows:,thetownshipenterprisesnationwiderealizedatotaladdedvalueof1,,,ofwhich,theindustrialaddedvaluewas1,,;theoperatingrevenuetotaled8,,;,;,;,,thetownshipenterprisesaccomplishedatotalindustrialoutputvalueof4,,,,,,,,omentum,,theirannualsalesrevenuetotaled5millionyuan;theindustrialenterprisesrealizedanaccumulatedaddedvalueof380billionyuan,,,,,,,,,,,risesofconsiderablescales,,however,hemonthlyaveragelevelofgrowthinthesecondhalfoflastyear....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORZhangWenkuiResearchReportNo151,1329China’,thetotalnumberoflistedcompaniesinChinaisonlyalittlemorethan1,,thesecompaniesholdanevermoreimportantpositioninChinasnationaleconomy,andtheireconomica,therestructuringoflistedcompaniesisgettingpopular,havingposedaneye-catchingphenomenoninChinaseconomiclife,,thenumberofcasesofrestructuringofChina’,thenumberofmajorrestructuringcaseshit148asquotedintheNoticeonStandardizingListedCompaniesMajorPurchases,China’slistedcompaniesareuniqueintermsoftheirequitystructure,performanceandmanagement,ticsanddigouttherootoftheproblemsthatdogtherestructuringofChina’’sListedCompaniesAlthoughrestructuringofChina’slistedcompaniesstartedin1993,,BaoAncorporationp%to18%,ation,,anotherformofrestructuringwithChinesecharacteristicswasinventedbyHengTongCorporationwhenitpurchasedLingGuangCorporation:negotiatedtransferofth,%%ofthestate-heldsharesoftheShanghaiLingguangIndustrialCompany,theparentcompanyofLingGuang,,there,someChina’slistedcompaniesfoundthemselvesinfinancialdifficultyin1995and1996andsomeeveninred,whichgaverisetoaspecialtreatmentgroup(knownastheSTcompaniesonthestockmarket).Theemergenceoftheloss-incurringcompaniesandtheSTgroupmeantthatsomelistedcompanieswouldbedisqualringonregionaleconomies,localgovernmentswouldtryeverymeanstokeeptheirlistedcompaniesgoingonthestockmarketortoqualifythemforallotment,whichinturnledtothe,theShanghaiMunicipalGovernmenttooktheleadinthecountrytoproposetherestructuringoflistedcompaniesinfinancialmirestoretaintheir"shell"andqualifythemfortheallotmentofnewshares,andalsopickedoutagroupoflistedcompaniessuchasZhongChengShiYeandLianHeShiYe,lGovernmentwascopiedbyonelocalgovernmentafteranother,ofpolarizationamongenterprises,restructuringmastermindedbylocalgovern’slistedcompaniesisviewedbroadly,itcanbediscov’slistedcompaniesarefairlyspecialintermsoforigin,relationshipwiththegovernment,financialpreference,’"Keepshellforallotmentandborroworbuyshell"AfairlylargenumberofcasesofrestructuringofChina’slistedcompanieshavebeeninitiatedtowardthegoalofkeepinglistedcompaniesinactionorqualifyingthemfortheallotmentofnewshares,orsellingsharesunderthe"shell",Chineseenterprisesh,thestockmarketsofthecountryarestillattheirearlystageofdevelopmentandgenerallyinshortsupply,thestockmarkethassmallrestrictionstoandpressureonlistedcompanies,thecostsforraisingfundsthroughstocktradingaremuchsmallerthanthosefordirectloans,andalmostnoresponsibilitiesareinvolved,,however,Chineseenterprisesfacemuchtighterrestrictionsthan,somelatecomersandnewlyestablishedhi-techornon-governmentalenterprises,inparticular,,the"shell""shell"resourcesbyrestructuring,ortotakethechanceofrestructuringtoseize,keepholdof,ormakefulluseofthese"shell"resourcescontinuallyisinlinewithboththeinterehofsomeotherstothnstitutionalequitiesisthemainmodeofrestructuringofChina’slistedcompanies,and’a’slistedcompaniesaccountforabout62%ofthetotal,negotiatedtransferofstate-ownedandinstitutionalequitieshasnaturallybecomeamodeofrestructuringthatcanb,thismodecane,,andisconducivetothepromotionoftherestructuringofChina’,however,toexposetheinterestsofsmallshareholderstoharmswhencomparedwithacquisitiononthesecondarymarket.ChengXiusheng,LuHuapu,,roadcapacityinChinesecitieshadbeenlow,theper-capitaroadar,roadconstructionbegantospeedup,,maintaininganannualgrowthofabout10%.Althoughthegrowthspeedwasfast,itstilllaggedfarbehindthe20%,vehiclesinChinesecitiesgrewatanannualrateofmorethan15%,andtheannualgrowthrateofprivateautomobileswasashighas28%.fhighefficiency,energysavingandlowemissionaretobedeveloped,,improvethecitystructureandregion,thefastgrowthofautomobileswouldgiverisetosuchproblemsasenvironmentalpollution,slowerdrivingspeed,increaseinthenumberoftrafficaccidents,thelowerlevelofpublictransportservice(lowerdrivingspeedandlowpunctuality),anddi,thepublicbustransport(includingtrolleybus)inbigcitieshasbeenshrinkingintermsofoperationefficiency,operationmanagement,,,,/1,,however,droppedfrom12-14kilometers/hourto5-10kilometers/hour,thenewlyin,ofallmeansoftransportforurbanresidents,theuseofpublicbusdroppedfrom30%toabout10%rivatecars,this,inreturn,resultedawiderareaoftrafficcongestioninciti’urbanizationandthewideruseofvehicles,urbantransportsystemwilloccupymoreland,consumelargeamountofe,China’scurrentresources(includinglandresources)reserveandenergystructure,environmentalcapacityandtheenvironmentalbearingcapaci,DirectoroftheTransportation,WaterSupplyandUrbanDevelopmentBureauoftheWorldBank,stressedthreemutuallysupplementaryprincipleswhenassessingthesustainabledevelopmentofurbantransport:sustainabilityofeconomyandfinance,,citiesindevelopedcountriesachievethesustainabledevelopmentofurbantransportfromthefollowingtwoaspects:comprehensiveplanningoftransportati’snationalconditionsthatChinesecitiesmustmakegreateffortstodeveloppublictranspordevelopmentofacitycouldbeachievedandwhetherwideruseofautomobilesa,landisinshortsupply,populationdensityishigh,therefore,ntprincipleofgivingprioritytopublictransportforurbanpassengertransportation,andthispolicywasclearlystipulatedinseveralStateCouncildocuments,itiesandintheprocessofurbantransportplanning,con,includingpriorityincapital,planningandconstruction,orintermsofthelong-termdevelopmentstrategyoftheurbantransportation,priorityisgiventoconstructingthefasttracktransportsystem,ictransportsystemintermsoftimeandspace,toincreaseitsspeed,shortentimespentonroadandimprovethetranspor,,inHongKong,carsarenotallowedtomakerightturnsduringrushhoursandonlypublicbuseshavetheprivilegeofmakingrightturns(inHongKong,peopledriveonbenefit).Intermsofspacepriority,specialla,Japan,specialpublicbuslanesaresetalongtheroa,thecityisplanningtoconstructelevatedpublictransportroadsinthecityareasothatthespeedofgroundpublicbusescouldbeincreasedto20km/hfrom10km/emisbasedonthepublictransportsysteminCuritiba,,ithasthefeaturesoflarge-capacitytracktransportsystem,specialroadrights,,italsohastheflexiblecharacteristicsoftheconventionalpublictranspsystem,itisanewandhighlyefficientmodeofpublictransportsolutionwithlowcost,shortconstructionperiod,"groundsubway"nBrazilCuritiba,locatedinsouthernBrazil,(300carsper1,000residents).Thetransportforsu,,thecityhopedtodevelopamodern,,,thelandreservedfovelopedatplacesnearthepublictransportsystem,,designersandplannerspaidspecialattentiontothepublicbusstops(crystaltube-shapedplasticbusstops),whichwereconstructedatthesameheightofthebottomofpublicbus(800mmtotheground).,passengerscouldbuyticketsfirstattheplatforms,andthencou,inordertoreducethestoptime,theleaningpassagefrompublicbuscouldbeextendedtotheplatformwhenthebusstops,sothatp,CuritibafinallydevelopeditsuniqueMetrobussystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,eoverthegainsandcostsofChina’sentrytoWTOaccordingtothecommitmentChinamadeduringthenegotiationssothattheinstitutionsofvarioussectorswons,weadoptedthecalculablegeneralequilibriumapproachtoanalyzetheoverall,departmentalandregionalimparkandaffectedbyexogenousshockorpolicychanges,,stimulatedbytheWorldBank(WB)andotherinternationalorganizations,manyresearchersusecalculablegeneralequilibriummodeltoanalyzet’svariousdepartmentsandregions(DRCCGE).IttakesintoconsiderationthestructuralcharacteristicsofChina’seconomyintermsofforeigntrade,’,,weadoptedthelatestinput-outputtable(1997),web,thismodelanalyzesandtakesintoconsiderationoffouraspectsconcerningChina’sentryintoWTO:(1)Reductionoftariffonindustrialproductsandeliminationofnon-tariffbarriers;(2)Reductionoftariffonagriculturalproductsandintroductionoftariffquotamechanism;(3)Increaseofforeigncapitalinflowduetotheopeningofmoreinvestmentareas;(4)EliminationofMFAquotaforChina’,wehavenotincludedsomeotherimportantaspectsrelatingtotheWTOmembershipintheanalysis,suchasopeningservicetrade,intellectualpropertyright(IPR),’,itisassumedthatChinajoinsWTOin2001andpolicycha–fre-allocationbasedoncomparableadvantageswhilethelatterreflectsthe“overfloweffect”causedbytheexpansionofforeigntradeandentryofforeigncapitalastheyarepromotingmarketcompetitionandintroductionandabsorptionoftechnologies,ionisconsidered,afterChinaimplementsitscommitmentsforWTOentryin2005,China’(pricein1997),%considered,weestimatethattheWTOentrywoulddriveupChina’,wecanfindthatagricultural,it,’(SeeChart1).China’stextileandgarmentsectorwillbethemainbeneficiaryof(automobiles,edibleoilandwheat),astheimportquotasforwheatandcottonincreasemoreslowly,by7%%respectivelyfrom2000to2005,’movementand,theshrinkageofagriculturemeansthatpartofthe,from2001to2005,m,ductsareofsignificancetothetransferofChina’,theirgrowthwouldbeconducive’sentryintoWTO,fWTOwouldnotthreatenChina’,thegrainself-sufficiencyratewouldstillbekeptatmorethan94%.cgrowthofChinaandbringsgreatgainstothecountryingeneral,butthimportprotectionmeasures,,whichwouldint,somefarmerscouldtransfertoothersectors,butcomparedwiththebenchmark,ruralresidents’%%.Consideringthealreadybigurban-ruralincomegap,China’sentryintoWTOwouldbringnegativeimpactovertheincomedistribution....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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